Ghana’s Cocoa Marketing Board (COCOBOD) has signed an $800 million syndicated loan with banks and expects to draw down the first $600 million as soon as this week, its deputy chief executive officer said on Tuesday.
Ghana, the world’s second-largest cocoa producer behind neighbouring Ivory Coast, uses an annual syndicated loan to finance bean purchases from farmers.
Usually agreed at the start of the season in September, this year’s loan has faced delays as the West African country grapples with its worst economic crisis in a generation and tries to restructure its bilateral and commercial debts.
“I joined COCOBOD in 2018, and this is the hardest transaction we have had, COCOBOD Deputy CEO Ray Ankrah told Reuters.
“It’s been signed, and we are working on the drawdown. We’re drawing down $600 million by the end of this week, and we expect to draw down the $200 million in the middle of January,” he said, adding that the terms of the loan had not changed from those presented to parliament last month.
In November, Ghana’s parliament gave a green light to the transaction, allowing the COCOBOD board to finalise paperwork with participating banks.
Under the terms presented to lawmakers, COCOBOD will pay interest of nearly 8%, which includes the one-month Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR), currently around 5.3%, and a margin of 2.65%.
A central bank official who asked not to be named told Reuters that a drawdown this week should boost the country’s reserves.
Professor Agyapomaa Gyeke-Dako, an economist at the University of Ghana, said the loan could support the local cedi currency by cooling dollar demand spurred by slow progress in restructuring the country’s bilateral debt.
Ghana and Ivory Coast are expecting their smallest cocoa crops in years due mainly to poor weather.
COCOBOD has officially forecast production of about 800,000 metric tonnes for the 2023–24 season, but industry sources have told Reuters they estimate Ghana’s harvest will be closer to 600,000 metric tonnes.
The $800 million loan is among the lowest in a decade.
Ankrah previously told Reuters that COCOBOD planned to capitalise on record-high global cocoa prices by selling part of the country’s crop on the spot market.